Sediment tolerance and mortality thresholds of benthic habitats
We are investigating the effects that suspended sediment from human activities has on the health and survival of deep-sea species in the South Taranaki Bight.
Project leader: Malcolm Clark, NIWA
Duration: October 2016 – January 2019
Human activities, such as mining and fishing, can generate suspended sediment that affect the health and survival of deep-sea species. We are using innovative laboratory experiments to understand how resilient species are, and how quickly they can recover.
We have completed trials on two deep-sea animals: dog cockles (Tucetona laticostata) and a sponge (Crella incrustans) found in the Taranaki Bight area. We put collected specimens in seawater to see how they responded to different conditions. The seawater ranged from clean to very murky with a high concentration of suspended sediment. We measured their survival, feeding, respiration, buoyant weight, tissue condition, internal sediment accumulation, and various stress responses such as budding and mucous production over time. After four weeks, we returned the specimens to normal seawater and monitored how well they recovered from our experiment.
Our research will determine the level of suspended sediment that has an impact on these deep-sea species. From these results, we can predict when management or mitigation strategies will be needed to protect them.
Ellis JI, Clark MR, Rouse HL and Lamarche G (2017) Environmental management frameworks for offshore mining: the New Zealand approach. Marine Policy 84:178-192 DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2017.07.004
Latest news and updates
We’ve developed an interactive map that shows the locations and key information of all our research projects. The aim is to help connect people with the research happening in their community.
Julie Hall, Director: "It is deeply concerning that the state of our marine environment has not improved in the last three years. Resilient coasts and oceans are essential to New Zealanders' health and wealth, so urgent action is needed to address the decline. There is a growing need for ecosystem-based management (EBM) to holistically manage risk and sustain Aotearoa's coasts and oceans. This is even more important given the ongoing impacts of climate change."
Do you have science communication skills and at least 2 years experience? Do you care about Aotearoa's oceans and how people use/value our seas? Then we've got a job for you.