Creating value from a blue economy
We are studying initiatives to create economic value from sustainable marine activities based on healthy ecosystems. We will use the findings to map and model a blue economy.
Project leader: Nick Lewis, University of Auckland
Duration: April 2016 – September 2019
In recent years, advocates for sustainable oceans have focused attention on building a sustainable ‘blue economy’, where innovative practices that promote and sustain diverse industries are based on healthy marine ecosystems.
We are studying Aotearoa New Zealand-based initiatives to create economic value from sustainable marine practices and activities. We have considered five broad and overlapping marine sub-economies (iwi, techno-science, commodity, community, and small business), and are investigating connections between them. Our research is:
- Defining what a blue economy means for Aotearoa New Zealand and working with economic enterprises and agencies to ensure that its opportunities are recognised and realised.
- Ensuring that blue economy considerations are incorporated into models of ecosystem-based management.
- Identifying sites and possibilities for transitions to a blue economy.
- Identifying and supporting regional development initiatives to foster regional blue economies and develop their potential.
- Highlighting specific enterprise-level production and investment practices that are helping to bring about a blue economy.
We have found several activities that are helping Aotearoa New Zealand transition to a blue economy including: investor commitments to sustainable futures (Seafood New Zealand’s ‘Our Promise’ campaign), consumer-oriented and community education programmes; the emergence of Māori enterprises with long term and kaitiakitanga approaches to blue economy; blue economy champions (individuals and organisations) who support participatory resource management processes; and a host of practices from precision seafood harvesting to harvesting of seaweed.
Hikuroa D (2016) Dan Hikuroa looks at Maori involvement in the formation of a new plan for the Gulf. Gulf Journal, June. http://gulfjournal.org.nz/article/dan-hikuroa-looks-at-maori-involvement-in-the-formation-of-a-new-plan-for-the-gulf
Hikuroa D (2017) Mātauranga Māori—the ūkaipō of knowledge in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 47(1):5 DOI: 10.1080/03036758.2016.1252407
Lewis N (2017) From value as theoretical object to rent as political project. Dialogues in Human Geography 7(3):331 DOI: 10.1177/2043820617736619
Makey L & Awatere S (2018). He Mahere Pāhekoheko Mō Kaipara Moana–Integrated Ecosystem-Based Management for Kaipara Harbour, Aotearoa New Zealand. Society & Natural Resources, 1-19. DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2018.1484972
Winder GM and Le Heron R (2017) Assembling a Blue Economy moment? Geographic engagement with globalizing biological-economic relations in multi-use marine environments. Dialogues in Human Geography 7(1):3 DOI: 10.1177/2043820617691643
Lewis N (2018). Cultivating diverse values by rethinking blue economy in New Zealand. Heidkamp CP and Morrissey J (eds) Towards coastal resilience and sustainability, Routledge, Oxford.
Lewis N & Le Heron R (2018). Re-imagining economy: a fundamental first step for a regenerative Environmental Management. In Clarke B & Hay I. Challenging Environmental Management, Edward Elgar.
Makey L & Awatere S (2018). He Mahere Pāhekoheko Mō Kaipara Moana–Integrated Ecosystem-Based Management for Kaipara Harbour, Aotearoa New Zealand. Society & Natural Resources, 1-19.
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Julie Hall, Director: "It is deeply concerning that the state of our marine environment has not improved in the last three years. Resilient coasts and oceans are essential to New Zealanders' health and wealth, so urgent action is needed to address the decline. There is a growing need for ecosystem-based management (EBM) to holistically manage risk and sustain Aotearoa's coasts and oceans. This is even more important given the ongoing impacts of climate change."
Do you have science communication skills and at least 2 years experience? Do you care about Aotearoa's oceans and how people use/value our seas? Then we've got a job for you.