Academic publications

Published journal articles, books and book chapters about our research.


Adams CIM, Knapp M, Gemmell NJ, Jeunen G-J, Bunce M, Lamare MD & Taylor HR (2019). Beyond biodiversity: Can environmental DNA (eDNA) cut it as a population genetics tool? Genes, 10(3), 192. DOI: 10.3390/genes10030192

Allison A, Fisher K, Lundquist C, and Davies K (2019) Knowledge and information needed to inform cumulative effects management in Aotearoa New ZealandResource Management Journal, November, p16–21

Barrett P, Kurian P, Simmonds N & Cretney R (2019). Community participation in the development of the Ōngātoro/Maketū Estuary project: The socio-ecological dimensions of restoring an interconnected ecosystem. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 1-14. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.3048

Blain CO, Rees TAV, Hansen SC & Shears NT (2019) Morphology and photosynthetic response of the kelp Ecklonia radiata across a turbidity gradient. Limnology and Oceanography 9999, 1-16. DOI: 10.1002/lno.11321 

Blain CO & Shears NT (2019) Seasonal and spatial variation in photosynthetic response of the kelp Ecklonia radiata across a turbidity gradient. Photosynthesis Research 140 (1): 21-38. DOI: 10.1007/s11120-019-00636-7

Crease R, Le Heron E, Fisher K and Davies K (2019) How can collaboration improve cumulative effects management practices? Resource Management Journal, November, p29–34

Davies KK, Fisher KT, Couzens G, Allison A, van Putten EI, Dambacher JM, Foley M and Lundquist CJ (2020) Trans-Tasman cumulative effects management: a comparative studyFrontiers in Marine Science 7:25. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00025

Davies K, Couzens G, Lundquist C and Fisher K (2019) Partnerships and processes for cumulative effects managementResource Management Journal, November, p5–10

Davies K, Fisher K, Couzens G, Faulkner L and Hewitt J (2019) Principles for cumulative effects management in Aotearoa New ZealandResource Management Journal, November, p11–15

Foley M, Lundquist C, Couzens G and Davies K. (2019) The implications of uncertainty on cumulative effects managementResource Management Journal, November, p22–27

Geange S, Townsend M, Clark D, Ellis JI & Lohrer AM (2019) Communicating the value of marine conservation using an ecosystem service matrix approach. Ecosystem Services 35: 150-163 DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2018.12.004 

Gladstone-Gallagher RV, Pilditch CA, Stephenson F & Thrush SF (2019). Linking Traits across Ecological Scales Determines Functional Resilience. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2019.07.010

Hewitt JE & Thrush SF (2019) Monitoring for tipping points in the marine environmentJournal of Environmental Management 234: 131-137 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.092

Le Heron E, Le Heron R, Blackett P, Davies K, Logie J, Allen W, Greenaway A & Glavovic B (2019). It's not a recipe... but there are ingredients. Navigating negotiated changes through participatory processes in marine spaces. Planning Quarterly 213, 32-37. 

Le Heron E, Logie J, Allen W, Le Heron R, Blackett P, Davies K, Greenaway A Glavovic B & Hikuroa D (2019). Diversity, contestation, participation in Aotearoa New Zealand's multi-use/user marine spaces. Marine Policy 106: 103536 DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2019.103536

O’Callaghan J, Stevens C, Roughan M, Cornelisen C, Sutton P, Garrett S, Giorli G, Smith RO, Currie KI, Suanda SH, Williams M, Bowen M, Fernandez D, Vennell R, Knight BR, Barter P, McComb P, Oliver M, Livingston M, Tellier P, Meissner A, Brewer M, Gall M, Nodder SD, Decima M, Souza J, Forcén-Vazquez A, Gardiner S, Paul-Burke K, Chiswell S, Roberts J, Hayden B, Biggs B and Macdonald H (2019) Developing an integrated ocean observing system for New Zealand. Frontiers in Marine Science.

Schiel DR (2019) Experimental analyses of diversity partitioning in southern hemisphere algal communitiesOecologia, 190(1):179-193. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-019-04375-3.

Schiel DR, Alestra T, Gerrity S, Orchard S, Dunmore R, Pirker J, Lilley S, Tait L, Hickford M & Thomsen M (2019) The Kaikōura earthquake in southern New Zealand: Loss of connectivity of marine communities and the necessity of a cross‐ecosystem perspective. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 2019: 1-15

Schiel DR & Gunn TD (2019) Effects of sediment on early life history stages of habitat-dominating fucoid algae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 516, pp.44-50 DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2019.04.005

Stephenson F, Bulmer R, Meredyth-Young M, Meysick L, Hewitt, J & Lundquist CJ (2019). Effects of benthic protection extent on recovery dynamics of a conceptual seafloor community. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 607, 1-15. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00607

Stevens CL, O’Callaghan JM, Chiswell SM & Hadfield MG (2019) Physical oceanography of New Zealand/Aotearoa shelf seas – a review. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, DOI: 10.1080/00288330.2019.1588746

Stevens C & Plew D (2019) Perspective: Bridging the Separation Between Studies of the Biophysics of Natural and Built Marine Canopies. Frontiers in Marine Science, Marine Ecosystem Ecology, DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00217 

Tait LW (2019) Giant kelp forests at critical light thresholds show compromised ecological resilience to environmental and biological drivers. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 219, 231-241. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2019.02.026

Thomsen MS, Mondardini L, Alestra T, Gerrity S, Tait L, South P, Lilley S and Schiel D (2019) Local extinction of bull kelp (Durvillaea spp.) due to a marine heatwave. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, p.84. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00084

Townsend M & Lohrer AM (2019). Empirical validation of an ecosystem service map developed from ecological principles and biophysical parameters. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(21), 1-11. DOI:10.3389/fmars.2019.00021

Udy JA, Wing SR, Jowett T, O'Connell‐Milne SA, Durante LM, McMullin RM & Kolodzey S (2019) Regional differences in kelp forest interaction chains are influenced by both diffuse and localized stressors. Ecosphere 10(10), article e02894

Udy JA, SR Wing, SA O’Connell-Milne, LM Durante, RM McMullin, S Kolodzey & RD Frew (2019) Regional differences in supply of organic matter from kelp forests drive trophodynamics of temperate reef fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series 621: 19-32

Udy JA, SR Wing, RM McMullin, SA O’Connell-Milne, S Kolodzey, LM Durante & RD Frew (2019) Organic matter derived from kelp supports a large proportion of biomass in temperate rocky reef fish communities: implications for ecosystem-based management. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 2019: 1-17 doi/full/10.1002/aqc.3101


Allison AEF, Dickson ME, Fisher KT and Thrush SF (2018) Dilemmas of modelling and decision-making in environmental research. Environmental Modelling & Software 99(Supplement C):147 DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2017.09.015

Anderson A, Azhar M, Cooper J, James J, Debes J, Azhar D, Vandermark W, Leung KC, Yang K, Hilman J, Schenone S, Strozzi AG, Gee T, Friedrich H, Thrush S & Delmas P (2018). A multi-scale framework for the automated surveying of the Whangateau estuary using off-the-shelf equipment. International Conference Image and Vision Computing New Zealand. 1-6. DOI: 10.1109/IVCNZ.2017.8402506 

Baines J and Edwards P (2018) The role of relationships in achieving and maintaining a social licence in the New Zealand aquaculture sector. Aquaculture 485:140 DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.11.047

Chiantore M, Thrush SF, Asnaghi V & Hewitt JE (2018). The multiple roles of β-diversity help untangle community assembly processes affecting recovery of temperate rocky shores. Royal Society Open Science 5: 171700 DOI: 10.1098/rsos.171700

Davies K, Fisher K, Foley M, Greenaway A, Hewitt J, Le Heron R, Mikaere H, Ratana K, Spiers R & Lundquist C (2018). Navigating collaborative networks and cumulative effects for Sustainable Seas. Environmental Science and Policy 83 (2018) 22-32 DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2018.01.013

de Juan S, Hewitt J, Subida MD & Thrush S (2018). Translating Ecological Integrity terms into operational language to inform societies. Journal of Environmental Management 228: 319-327 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.09.034

Douglas EJ, Pilditch CA, Lohrer AM, Savage C, Schipper LA & Thrush SF (2018). Sedimentary environment influences ecosystem response to nutrient enrichment. Estuaries and Coasts 41: 1994 DOI: 10.1007/s12237-018-0416-5

Gladstone-Gallagher RV, Hughes RW, Douglas EJ & Pilditch CA (2018). Biomass-dependent seagrass resilience to sediment eutrophication. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 501: 54-64 DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2018.01.002

Hewitt J, Faulkner L, Greenaway A and Lundquist CA (2018) Proposed ecosystem-based management principles for New ZealandResource Management Journal, November, pg 10-13  

Jeunen G-J, Knapp M, Spencer HG, Lamare MD, Taylor HR, Stat M, Bunce M & Gemmell NJ (2018) Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding reveals strong discrimination among diverse marine habitats connected by water movement. Molecular Ecology Resources 19(2), 426-438 DOI: 10.1111/1755-0998.12982

Ladds MA, Sibanda N, Arnold R, Dunn MR (2018). Creating functional groups of marine fish from categorical traits. PeerJ Preprints 6:e27148v1 DOI:  10.7287/peerj.preprints.27148v1

Le Heron E (2018). Participatory processes and diversity: power and politics in remaking environmental futures. Clarke B. and Hay I (eds), Challenging Environmental Management, Edward Elgar.

Le Heron R, Blackett P, Logie J, Hikuroa D, Le Heron E, Greenaway A, Glavovic B, Davies K, Allen W, Simmonds N & Lundquist C (2018). Participatory processes for implementation in Aotearoa New Zealand’s multi-use/user marine spaces? Unacknowledged and unaddressed issues. Heidkamp CP and Morrissey J (eds) Towards coastal resilience and sustainability, Routledge, Oxford.

Lewis N (2018). Cultivating diverse values by rethinking blue economy in New Zealand. Heidkamp CP and Morrissey J (eds) Towards coastal resilience and sustainability, Routledge, Oxford.

Makey L & Awatere S (2018). He Mahere Pāhekoheko Mō Kaipara Moana–Integrated Ecosystem-Based Management for Kaipara Harbour, Aotearoa New Zealand. Society & Natural Resources, 1-19.

O'Meara T, Gibbs E & Thrush SF (2018). Rapid organic matter assay of organic matter degradation across depth gradients within marine sediments. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 9(2) DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12894

Ruvindy R, Bolch CJ, MacKenzie L, Smith KF & Murray SA (2018).  qPCR assays for the detection and quantification of multiple paralytic shellfish toxin-producing species of Alexandrium. Frontiers in Microbiology 9:3153 DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.03153

Schiel DR, Gerrity S, Alestra T, Pirker J, Marsden I, Dunmore R, Tait L, South P, Taylor D and Thomsen M (2018). Kaikōura earthquake: Summary of impacts and changes in nearshore marine communities. In Henlass C, Borrero J, Neale D and Shand T (eds) Shakey Shores- Coastal impacts & responses to the 2016 Kaikōura earthquakes. New Zealand Coastal Society, Special Publication 2, 2018, 44pp.

Schiel DR, Lilley SA & South PM (2018). Ecological tipping points for an invasive kelp in rocky reef algal communitiesMarine Ecology Progress Series 587, 93-104. DOI: 10.3354/meps12429

Sinner J, Šunde C, Giorgetti A, Tadaki M, Stephenson J, Awatere S, Glavovic B, Hewitt J & Lewis N. (2018). Exploring valuation frameworks and principles for sustainable seas. Prepared for Sustainable Seas National Science Challenge, funded by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. Cawthron Report No. 3234. 62 p. plus appendices. 

Stephenson F, Leathwick JR, Geange SW, Bulmer RH, Hewitt JE, Anderson O, Rowden, A & Lundquist C (2018). Using Gradient Forests to summarise patterns in species turnover across large spatial scales to inform conservation planning. Diversity and Distributions 24(11) 1641-1656 DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12787

Stevens CL (2018). Turbulent length scales in a fast-flowing, weakly stratified, strait: Cook Strait, New Zealand Ocean Science 14: 801-812 DOI: 10.5194/os-2017-30

Šunde C, Sinner J, Tadaki M, Stephenson J, Glavovic B, Awatere S, Giorgetti A, Lewis N, Young A & Chan K (2018). Valuation as destruction? The social effects of valuation processes in contested marine spaces. Marine Policy 97, 170-178 DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2018.05.024

Tait LW & Schiel DR (2018) Ecophysiology of layered macroalgal assemblages: importance of subcanopy species biodiversity in buffering primary production. Frontiers in Marine Science, 5, p.444. DOI:

Townsend M, Davies K, Hanley N, Hewitt J, Lundquist C & Lohrer AM (2018). The challenge of implementing the marine ecosystem service concept. Frontiers in Marine Science DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00359

Urlich S, Thrush S, Hewitt J & E Jorgensen E (2018). The Earth Summit 25 Years on: Why is biodiversity continuing to decline? The Resource Management Journal pp19-21

Urlich S, Thrush S, Hewitt J & E Jorgensen E (2018). What it Means to “Maintain” Biodiversity in our Coastal Marine Environment. The Resource Management Journal pp25-30

Zeldis JR & Swaney DP (2018). Balance of catchment and offshore nutrient loading and biogeochemical response in four New Zealand coastal systems: Implications for resource Management. Estuaries and Coasts 41(8) 2240-2259 DOI: 10.1007/s12237-018-0432-5


Bulmer RH, Schwendenmann L, Lohrer AM and Lundquist CJ (2017) Sediment carbon and nutrient fluxes from cleared and intact temperate mangrove ecosystems and adjacent sandflats. Science of The Total Environment 599–600(Supplement C):1874 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.05.139

Davies K, Fisher K, Foley M, Greenaway A, Le Heron R, Mikaere, H, Ratana K, Spiers R & Lundquist C (2017). From the mountains to the seas: developing a shared vision for addressing cumulative effects in Aotearoa New Zealand. Regions Magazine 308(4): 15-18. DOI: 10.1080/13673882.2017.11958671

Douglas EJ, Pilditch CA, Kraan C, Schipper LA, Lohrer AM & Thrush SF (2017) Macrofaunal Functional Diversity Provides Resilience to Nutrient Enrichment in Coastal Sediments. Ecosystems 20(7):1324 DOI: 10.1007/s10021-017-0113-4

Ellingsen KE, Yoccoz NG, Tveraa T et al (2017) Long-term environmental monitoring for assessment of change: measurement inconsistencies over time and potential solutions. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 189(11):595 DOI: 10.1007/s10661-017-6317-4

Ellis JI, Clark MR, Rouse HL and Lamarche G (2017) Environmental management frameworks for offshore mining: the New Zealand approach. Marine Policy 84:178-192 DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2017.07.004

Gladstone-Gallagher RV, Needham HR, Lohrer AM, Lundquist C & Pilditch CA (2017). Site-dependent effects of bioturbator-detritus interactions alter soft-sediment ecosystem function. Marine Ecology Progress Series 569:145 DOI: 10.3354/meps12086

Gladstone-Gallagher RV, Sandwell DR, Lohrer AM, Lundquist CJ & Pilditch CA (2017). Quantifying macrodetritus fluxes from a small temperate estuary. Marine and Freshwater Research 68(12):2289 DOI: 10.1071/MF16408

Hikuroa D (2017) Mātauranga Māori—the ūkaipō of knowledge in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 47(1):5 DOI: 10.1080/03036758.2016.1252407

Iorns C & Stuart T (2017). Murky Waters: adaptive management, uncertainty and seabed mining in the exclusive economic zone. Policy Quarterly 13(2), 10 DOI: 10.26686/pq.v13i2.4661

Jones HFE, Pilditch CA, Hamilton DP and Bryan KR (2017) Impacts of a bivalve mass mortality event on an estuarine food web and bivalve grazing pressure. NZ Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 51(3):370 DOI: 10.1080/00288330.2016.1245200

Lewis N (2017) From value as theoretical object to rent as political project. Dialogues in Human Geography, 7(3), pp.331-335. DOI: 10.1177/2043820617736619

Love T (2017). The Kermadecs Conundrum: marine protected areas and democratic process. Policy Quarterly 13(2), 17 DOI: 10.26686/pq.v13i2.4660

O'Meara T, Hillman J & Thrush S (2017). Rising tides, cumulative impacts and cascading changes to estuarine ecosystem functionsScientific Reports 7 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-11058-7

Peart R (2017). A ‘sea change’ in marine planning: The development of New Zealand’s first marine spatial plan. Policy Quarterly, 13(2), 3-9 DOI: 10.26686/pq.v13i2.4658

Peart R (2017). A seachange: Marine spatial planning in New Zealand. In Kitsiou D & Karydis M (eds), Marine spatial planning: Methodologies, environmental issues and current trends, Nova Science Publishers, New York. 

Schiel DR, Lilley S, South P (2017) Ecological tipping points for an invasive kelp in rocky reef algal communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series 587, pp.93-104 DOI: 10.3354/meps12429

Severinsen G (2017). Injecting Carbon Beneath the Seabed: dumping, pollution, water ... or something else? Policy Quarterly 13 (2), 29 DOI: 10.26686/pq.v13i2.4654

Shen H, Jiang G, Wan X et al (2017) Response of the microbial community to bioturbation by benthic macrofauna on intertidal flats. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 488:44 DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2016.12.010

Slooten, E., G. Simmons, S. M. Dawson, G. Bremner, S. F. Thrush, H. Whittaker, F. McCormack, B. C. Robertson, N. Haworth, P. J. Clarke, D. Pauly, and D. Zeller (2017). Evidence of bias in assessment of fisheries management impacts. PNAS 114(25) E4901–E4902

Thrush SF, Hewitt JE, Kraan C et al (2017) Changes in the location of biodiversity–ecosystem function hot spots across the seafloor landscape with increasing sediment nutrient loading. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 284(1852) DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2016.2861

Tiakiwai SJ, Kilgour JT, & Whetu A (2017). Indigenous perspectives of ecosystem-based management and co-governance in the Pacific Northwest: lessons for Aotearoa. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples, 13(2), 69-79 DOI: 10.1177/1177180117701692

Watkins M (2017) Under New Management marine consents in the exclusive economic zone. Policy Quarterly 13(2), 23 DOI: 10.26686/pq.v13i2.4650

Winder GM and Le Heron R (2017) Assembling a Blue Economy moment? Geographic engagement with globalizing biological-economic relations in multi-use marine environments. Dialogues in Human Geography 7(1), 3 DOI: 10.1177/2043820617691643


Hikuroa D (2016) Dan Hikuroa looks at Maori involvement in the formation of a new plan for the Gulf. Gulf Journal, June.

Kakeh N, Coco G and Marani M (2016) On the morphodynamic stability of intertidal environments and the role of vegetation. Advances in Water Resources 93(B), 303-314 DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2015.11.003

Shen H, Thrush SF, Wan X et al (2016) Optimization of hard clams, polychaetes, physical disturbance and denitrifying bacteria of removing nutrients in marine sediment. Marine Pollution Bulletin 110(1): 86–92 DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.06.081

Thrush SF, Lewis N, Le Heron R et al (2016) Addressing surprise and uncertain futures in marine science, marine governance, and society. Ecology and Society 21(2) 44 DOI: 10.5751/ES-08574-210244

Tinoco RO and Coco G (2016) A laboratory study on sediment resuspension within arrays of rigid cylinders. Advances in Water Resources 92(Supplement C):1–9 DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.04.003

Zhou Z, Ye Q and Coco G (2016). A one-dimensional biomorphodynamic model of tidal flats: Sediment sorting, marsh distribution, and carbon accumulation under sea level rise. Advances in Water Resources 93(B), 288-302 DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2015.10.011


O’Callaghan JM & Steven CL (2015) Transient river flow into a fjord and its control of plume energy partitioning. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120(5), 3444-3461 DOI: 10.1002/2015JC010721

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Blue economy core research concepts open for review

The Challenge Leadership Team has developed core research project concepts for Theme 2: Creating value from a blue economy.

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We invite NZ-based researchers, industry, stakeholders and Māori to submit expressions of Interest (EoIs) for research projects that will contribute directly to building a ‘blue economy’ in Aotearoa.